Tor is a short abbreviation for The Onion Router. It is a free and open-source web browser that is used to surf the web anonymously and keep your data private. A nonprofit organization develops it. No one can trace your IP address nor your browsing activity when the application is used efficiently.
In this tutorial, we are going to cover the installation process of the Tor browser on Linux.
But before we start, we need to make sure that your system is up-to-date using the following commands:
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
Download Tor Browser
Step 1. Download the app from the official website (Click Here).
Step 2. When the download finishes successfully, use the following command to navigate to the Downloads directory.
Step 3. Extract the downloaded package.
tar -xvJf tor-browser-linux64-8.5.5_en-US.tar.xz
After the command executes a new directory successfully will be created in the Downloads directory.
Open the Tor Browser
Now to open the Tor browser, you can use one of the following methods.
Method 1: From Directory
In this method, you have to run the browser from the extracted directory created in the previous step without any further installation steps.
Step 1. Locate to the newly extracted directory.
Step 2. Run the following command to open Tor.
Step 3. A connect to Tor window appears, you can choose whether to connect it or configure it first.
You can press connect to start the browser. Alternatively, you can configure it before using. To configure it go to the “Configure Tor Browser” section
Method 2: Integrate and Open Tor Browser
In this method, we shall define the program into a system folder. It should make the browser to be defined as an installed application, and it should appear in your applications menu. Also, you should be able to search for it.
Step 1. From your terminal, use the following command to move the newly created directory that was extracted in the previous section to the “/opt”.
sudo mv tor-browser_en-US /opt
Step 2. Locate to the moved Tor directory “/opt/tor-browser_en-US”.
Step 3. Now use the following command to register the Tor application with your system environment.
As you can see in the previous screenshot, the browser has been registered successfully as a desktop application.
Step 4. To open and launch the Tor browser, open your applications from the left panel, search for the program and open it.
Step 5. A connect to the window should appear, you can choose whether to connect or configure it first.
Configure Tor Browser
The first time you open the browser, you have the opportunity to configure it or connect directly to the Tor browser.
Step 1. In case you have chosen to configure the browser, you get two options, and you can start your configuration.
Choose the “Tor is censored in my country” option, then choose one of the listed bridge options. With using a bridge, it is too difficult for anyone to know that you are using the Tor browser.
You can select a built-in bridge, like the below screenshot.
Alternatively, you can request a bridge from the Tor project.
You should see a CAPTCHA.
Now, a bridge is requested from the Tor project. Also, if you are using a proxy, go ahead and configure it too.
Step 2. Next, you can press the connect button. Be patient it may take some time.
A few minutes later the Tor browser starts loading.
Congratulations, you have just installed the Tor browser you can now start surfing the web privately without being traced.