How to install and use the Tor Browser on Linux

Tor web browser lets you surf the web without leaving a trace. No one can trace your IP address nor your browsing activity when the application is used efficiently.

Tor is a short abbreviation for The Onion Router. It is a free and open-source web browser that is used to surf the web anonymously and keep your data private. A nonprofit organization develops it. No one can trace your IP address nor your browsing activity when the application is used efficiently.

In this tutorial, we are going to cover the installation process of the Tor browser on Linux.

But before we start,  we need to make sure that your system is up-to-date using the following commands:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Download Tor Browser

Step 1. Download the app from the official website (Click Here).

Step 2. When the download finishes successfully, use the following command to navigate to the Downloads directory.

cd Downloads

Go To Downloads Directory
Go To Downloads Directory

Step 3. Extract the downloaded package.

tar -xvJf tor-browser-linux64-8.5.5_en-US.tar.xz

Extract The Downloaded Package
Extract The Downloaded Package

After the command executes a new directory successfully will be created in the Downloads directory.

ls

Move To The Newly Created Directory
Move To The Newly Created Directory

Open the Tor Browser

Now to open the Tor browser, you can use one of the following methods.

Method 1: From Directory

In this method, you have to run the browser from the extracted directory created in the previous step without any further installation steps.

Step 1. Locate to the newly extracted directory.

cd tor-browser_en-US/

Step 2. Run the following command to open Tor.

./Browser/start-to-browser

Step 3. A connect to Tor window appears, you can choose whether to connect it or configure it first.

Connect To Tor
Connection

You can press connect to start the browser. Alternatively, you can configure it before using. To configure it go to the “Configure Tor Browser” section

Method 2: Integrate and Open Tor Browser

In this method, we shall define the program into a system folder. It should make the browser to be defined as an installed application, and it should appear in your applications menu. Also, you should be able to search for it.

Step 1. From your terminal, use the following command to move the newly created directory that was extracted in the previous section to the “/opt”.

sudo mv tor-browser_en-US /opt

Move Created Tor Directory To The opt Directory
Moving directory

Step 2. Locate to the moved Tor directory “/opt/tor-browser_en-US”.

cd /opt/tor-browser_en-US

Move To The Tor Directory in opt
Move To The Directory in opt

Step 3. Now use the following command to register the Tor application with your system environment.

./start-tor-browser.desktop --register-app

Register The Tor Browser
Register

As you can see in the previous screenshot, the browser has been registered successfully as a desktop application.

Step 4. To open and launch the Tor browser, open your applications from the left panel, search for the program and open it.

Open The Tor Browser
Open the Tor Browser

Step 5. A connect to the window should appear, you can choose whether to connect or configure it first.

Connect To Tor
Connect To Tor

Configure Tor Browser

The first time you open the browser, you have the opportunity to configure it or connect directly to the Tor browser.

Step 1. In case you have chosen to configure the browser, you get two options, and you can start your configuration.

Choose the “Tor is censored in my country” option, then choose one of the listed bridge options. With using a bridge, it is too difficult for anyone to know that you are using the Tor browser.

You can select a built-in bridge, like the below screenshot.

Tor Built-IN Bridge
Built-In-Bridge

Alternatively, you can request a bridge from the Tor project.

Request Bridge From Tor Project
Request Bridge

You should see a CAPTCHA.

Enter The Captcha To Get Bridge
Enter The Captcha To Get Bridge

Now, a bridge is requested from the Tor project. Also, if you are using a proxy, go ahead and configure it too.

A Bridge Successfully Requested
A Bridge Successfully Requested

Step 2. Next, you can press the connect button. Be patient it may take some time.

Tor Is Connecting To Bridge
Tor Is Connecting To Bridge

A few minutes later the Tor browser starts loading.

Loading Tor Browser
Loading Tor Browser

Welcome To Tor Browser
Welcome To Tor Browser

Congratulations, you have just installed the Tor browser you can now start surfing the web privately without being traced.

Hend Adel
Hi! I'm Hend Adel, a freelancer technical geek with successful experience in Database, Linux and many other IT fields. I help to build solutions to suit business needs and creating streamlined processes. I love Linux and I'm here to share my skills via FOSS Linux! Thanks for reading my article.

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