Solus comes with the root password disabled by default settings as an additional layer of security. During the installation of Solus a user with administrator rights can be created but when you try to ‘su’ in the Terminal you will see authentication failure error even with the administrator password.
Let me throw some light on the administrator and the root account.
Root vs Administrator
Ironically, both the accounts are basically same! So why would the administrator’s password result in the “Authentication failure” error while invoking the su command?
In Linux, even the administrator runs as a standard user normally. When activities such as installing updates or apps, or changing config files, the system prompts for the administrator password. Once that activity is completed, the system reverts the user access rights to working as a standard user.
By using the ‘su’ command in the ‘Terminal’ a user can get continuous root access without the need to enter ‘sudo’ every time. This makes things to be done quickly. In Solus, the root access is disabled by default settings.
Enabling Root Password on Solus
1) Launch the ‘Terminal’.
2) Let’s first check if root is enabled in your PC. Enter ‘su’ and press enter.
3) Enter the administrator password and hit enter. You should get “su: Authentication failure” error.
4) Enter ‘su sudo’ to enable the root password. Now try entering the administrator password. The system should take you to the root prompt where you will have continuous root privileges until the end of that Terminal session.
Changing the Root Password in Solus
If you wish to change the password, simply enter ‘passwd’ and hit enter. You can then enter the new password.