Ubuntu 16.04 User Interface (Unity) not loading
Ubuntu 16.04 User Interface (Unity) not loading

Some users reported that the Ubuntu’s graphical user interface has disappeared after upgrading to Ubuntu 16.04. I personally prefer a clean install to avoid such issues, but if you have already hit the upgrade button and stuck with the user interface including all menus, then you are not alone.

The problem comes up because Ubuntu’s Unity which is nothing but graphical user interface app fails to start. You are left with only a desktop with wallpaper background and that’s it – no icons, menus etc.. Here is a step-by-step fix to this annoying problem.

STEP 1: INSTALL COMPIZ SETTINGS MANAGER

Launch ‘Terminal’. Now that you don’t have a graphical user interface, you try launching terminal in one of following ways:

  1. Press Control+Alt+T or
  2. Right-click on the desktop and Select “Open Terminal” from the right-click context menu.
  3. If nothing is working, you may have to change to a “hard” terminal by pressing Ctrl+Alt+F1 and log in.

In the terminal, type or copy-paste this following command.

sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager

You may have to enter the root password to complete the installation.

Terminal - Install Compiz Settings Manager
Terminal – Install Compiz Settings Manager

STEP 2: RUN COMPIZ

Enter the following command in the Terminal.

DISPLAY=:0 ccsm &

You will see CompizConfig Settings Manager dialog box. Click ‘OK’ for the warning message.

STEP 3: ENABLE UBUNTU UNITY PLUGIN

Finally, it’s time to enable the Ubuntu Unity Plugin. Scroll down in the settings window to ‘Desktop’ section and click on “Ubuntu Unity Plugin”.

CompizConfig Settings Manager - Desktop Section
CompizConfig Settings Manager – Desktop Section

Click “Enable Ubuntu Unity Plugin” and close the window. Click “OK” for the warning, if any pops-up.

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Enable Unity
Enable Unity

You should now see all the menus, icons, and all stuff back! If not, restart Ubuntu and you should be fine.

That’s it. Did the solution work for you? Do let us know your feedback in comments below.

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Hi there! I'm Kiran Kumar, founder of FOSSLinux.com. I'm an avid Linux lover and enjoy hands-on with new promising distros. Currently, I'm using Ubuntu as a daily driver and run several other distros such as Fedora, Solus, Manjaro, Debian, and some new ones on my test PC and virtual machines. I have a day job as an Engineer, and this website is one of my favorite past time activities especially during Winter ;). When I'm not writing for FOSSLinux, I'm seen biking and hiking on scenic trails. Hope you enjoy using this website as much as I do writing for it. Feedback from readers is something that inspires me to do more, and spread Linux love!. If you find a time, drop me an email or feedback from the 'Contact' page. Or simply leave a comment below if you found this article useful. Have a good day!

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Marta
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Marta

This was BRILLIANT!! Thank you very much!

Sreenivas
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Sreenivas

I tried all the optionals including yours in order to get the user interface, running compiz; but not getting the interface even after reboot. Please help.

Hussain
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Hussain

If your issues still not resolve then follow below steps:
press Ctrl + Alt + F1
In a terminal, type in “sudo apt-get install –reinstall ubuntu-desktop” to completely reinstall back to defaults.

To remove all compiz settings type “rm -rf ~/.compiz-1 ~/.config/compiz-1” in terminal,
then reboot.

Good Luck!

Tony Clark
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Tony Clark

hi, i had this problem but it was not after an upgrade but after simply downloading and opening compiz settings manager. i used command line to install it and when it appeared in my dash search thing i opened it and it immediately went to the screenshots in the article. my problem is, i want to use compiz for some other problems on with my panels. please could somone help thanks

Mani
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Mani

Same problem to me

Bram
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Bram

I tried all of the steps, including the ones in the comment section, and one of them fixed my problem. To make a long story short, what’s happening is that when the desktop boots up, I see the icons on the desktop show up for a brief second, and then disappear, and then they come back again for a brief second, repeating that cycle indefinitely. This also occurs with any applications I start from the terminal. If anyone knows the issue that I am encountering and know how to troubleshoot it, please let me know.

Hansun Lee
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Hansun Lee

DISPLAY:=0 ccsm & directs me to a library under python2.7…gtk. it cannot open the display as you intended. Could I get some explanations plz