Linux Mint is one of the popular distros of Linux which is known for it’s awesome rich features and Windows like look of taskbar, start button, and several other GUI elements. It is derived from Debian and Ubuntu and so you get all the reliability of years and years of hard work. It looks great, refreshing, has start menu, and comes packed with built-in programs for playing multimedia, LibreOffice, PDF reader, and several others. It is a great distro for the people who are trying to migrate from Microsoft Windows to Linux.
In this tutorial, let’s learn how to install Linux Mint on a PC which is running any version of Windows. I have personally tested this on Windows 10 computer and everything is working fine.
Minimum System Requirements
- x86 processor
- Minimum 2 GB RAM
- Minimum 10 GB of disk space
- DVD drive or USB port
I. Prepare your PC
Hard disk Partition using Windows Disk Management
First task is to create hard disk partition for installation of Linux Mint and though this step can be done at the time of Linux Mint installation, I recommend doing this first to make sure you know where you are installing it and avoid accidental overwriting of Windows OS and data loss.
1. Login to your Windows PC with administrator rights.
2. Launch Windows Disk Management. In Windows 10/8.1/8/7, you can simply type Disk Management in the programs search box and launch the utility.
3. Depending on the prevailing hard disk partitions on your PC, you may have to do different actions, but finally the intent is to create a ‘Unallocated’ hard disk space where you want to install Linux Mint. By the way, on my test PC below, the partition size is just meeting the minimum requirements. I have purposefully done it to see the performance at lowest configuration. I did this partition by right-clicking on the C: drive and then clicked ‘Shrink Volume’. Whatever the size you have shrinked becomes the unallocated size.
II. Create a Linux Mint Installation USB drive
Go to our detailed article and step-by-step instructions on how to create a Linux Mint Live USB. Once you are done with it, proceed to next section.Create Linux Mint Live USB Drive
III. Begin Linux Mint Installation
Plugin the Linux Mint Live USB device to your PC and boot into it. The method of booting into the USB drive depends on the PC make and BIOS configuration. Make sure to enable boot in UEFI mode to run Linux alongside Windows.
1. You should into the Linux Mint live desktop. This mode is kind of trial mode and so doesn’t save anything. To begin installation, click on ‘Install Linux Mint’ located on desktop.
2. Choose you language and click ‘Continue’.
3. Click ‘Continue’ when it says 3-point checklist.
4. IMPORTANT: Since we want to install Linux Mint alongside Windows, select ‘Something else’ and click ‘Continue’.
5. In this step, you will have to specify three important parameters:
Mount Point: This is the partition where the Linux Mint system files will be installed and forms the major portion of the hard disk space. Don’t select any NTFS partitions – these are Windows systems. Remember the unallocated hard disk space that you created at I(3) of this article? Double-click on that partition and reduce the size by the size more than that of your computer’s RAM. For example, if you have 4GB RAM, you can reduce the size by at least 5GB or best would be 8GB (double that of RAM). The reduced space will be used for SWAP and Linux uses this place when you Hibernate your computer. Select ‘Use as’ as ‘Ext4 journaling file system’. Next specify Mount point as /. Then click OK.
SWAP: You will now see additional device ‘free space’. Double-click on it and specify ‘Use as’ as ‘swap area’. Click ‘OK’.
Bootloader: Now the most important part of specifying where the boot loader will go. Click on the drop-down list under ‘Device for boot loader installation’ and select the main hard disk location. This is where GRUB which is Linux’s boot loader saves the boot information and gives you option to choose which OS to start when you switch ON the PC. Typically, it is /dev/sda for most of the Windows PCs, but make sure you select the top level. In my case here is the image of hard disk partitions situation. Click ‘Install Now’.
6. Now the steps are self-explanatory. You will have to enter location information for Linux Mint to know you time zone for system clock.
7. Next specify Keyboard layout.
8. Enter account login details and click ‘Continue’.
9. Sit back and relax as the install begins!
10. After a while you should get prompt to restart computer. Click ‘Restart Now’.
11. You may now unplug the Live USB drive. Its work is done.
12. When your computer reboots you will see GRUB Bootloader giving you several options to boot.
To boot into Linux Mint select ‘Linux Mint xxxxx’. The version number and name may vary on what you downloaded and installed. For me today it is ‘Linux Mint 17.3 Cinnamon 64-bit’. To boot into Microsoft Windows, you will have to use arrow up/down keys to navigate and select ‘Windows Recovery Environment (loader)’.
13. Boot into Linux Mint and you will have to enter the login details that you specified in section III(8) of this article.