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Collaborating on projects with Pop!_OS and Git

This guide introduces the seamless integration of Git on Pop!_OS, enabling developers to work together more efficiently on shared projects.

by Abraham
Published: Updated:
using git with pop! os

In today’s fast-paced digital landscape, collaboration is the cornerstone of innovation and productivity. Software development, in particular, thrives on the seamless integration of teamwork and version control. This is where Git comes into play, revolutionizing how developers collaborate on projects.

This article will explore the intricacies of collaborating on projects using Git within the Pop!_OS environment. Whether you’re a seasoned developer or a newcomer to version control, this guide will walk you through the process of harnessing Git’s power on Pop!_OS.

Understanding Git and Its Significance

Git, developed by Linus Torvalds, is a distributed version control system that permits developers to manage source code revisions, track changes, and collaborate effectively on projects. Unlike traditional centralized systems, Git allows developers to have their own copy of the entire project repository. This decentralized architecture empowers developers to work independently on different features, merge their work seamlessly, and keep track of changes over time.

Pros of Git

  • Distributed Architecture: Every contributor has a complete local copy of the repository, reducing dependencies on a centralized server and allowing work to continue offline.
  • Efficient Branching: Git makes it effortless to create branches for separate features or bug fixes, facilitating parallel development without interfering with the main codebase.
  • Easy Merging: Git’s merging capabilities simplify the process of combining code from different branches, reducing conflicts and ensuring a smooth integration of changes.
  • Version Tracking: Developers can quickly revert to previous code versions, making experimenting with new features or configurations safer.
  • Collaboration: Git enables effective collaboration among geographically distributed teams by providing a robust framework for sharing and reviewing code changes.

Cons of Git

  • Learning Curve: Git’s powerful features can overwhelm beginners, leading to a steep learning curve.
  • Complexity: Complex merge conflicts can arise when multiple developers work on the same code concurrently, requiring careful resolution.
  • Large Repositories: While Git is efficient, large repositories with extensive histories can consume substantial storage space.

Installing Git on Pop!_OS


Before we delve into using Git on Pop!_OS, there are a few prerequisites you need to fulfill:

  1. Pop!_OS Installation: Ensure that Pop!_OS is installed on your system. If not, you can download it from the official System76 website.
  2. Terminal Knowledge: Basic familiarity with the Linux terminal is beneficial, as Git commands are often executed through the terminal.
  3. GitHub Account (Optional): While not mandatory, having a GitHub account can enhance collaboration by allowing you to share your projects with others and contribute to open-source projects.

Getting started with Git on your Pop!_OS system is a straightforward process, but there are multiple methods to choose from. This section will delve into each installation method, allowing you to select the one that best suits your preferences and needs.

Method 1. Using Ubuntu Repositories

One of the simplest ways to install Git on Pop!_OS is by utilizing the Ubuntu repositories, as Pop!_OS is based on Ubuntu. This method ensures you get a stable and tested version of Git.

Step 1: Update Package Information

Before installing any software, updating the package information to ensure you’re downloading the most recent versions is good practice.

sudo apt update
update system resources

Update system resources

Step 2: Install Git

Once the package information is updated, you can install Git using the following command:

sudo apt install git
install git via ubuntu repo

Install git via Ubuntu repo

Method 2: Using Official Repositories (System76 PPA)

System76, the creators of Pop!_OS, maintain their own Personal Package Archive (PPA) that contains various software packages, including Git. This repository provides a convenient way to obtain Git while also offering potential improvements and features tailored to Pop!_OS users. Follow the steps highlighted herein to accomplish that:

Step 1: Add the PPA Repository

Start by adding the System76 PPA to your system’s list of repositories:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:system76/pop
add system76 ppa

Add system76 PPA

Step 2: Update Package Information

Update the package information after adding the repository:

sudo apt update
update system resources

Update system resources

Step 3: Install Git

With the repository information updated, install Git using the following command:

sudo apt install git
install git via ubuntu repo

Install git via PPA repo

Method 3: Installing Git from Source

For advanced users who desire more control over the installation process or who wish to contribute to Git’s development, compiling and installing Git from source code is an option.

Step 1: Install Dependencies

Before compiling Git, make sure you have the necessary dependencies installed. These include build tools, libraries, and development packages that Git relies on. Use the following command to install them:

sudo apt install build-essential libssl-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev libexpat1-dev gettext cmake
install dependencies

Install dependencies

Step 2: Clone the Git Repository

Clone the Git repository from its official GitHub repository:

git clone https://github.com/git/git.git
clone git repo

Clone git repo

Step 3: Compile and Install Git

Navigate into the cloned repository and start the compilation process. If desired, you can also specify a custom installation prefix (e.g., /usr/local).

cd git

make prefix=/usr/local all

sudo make prefix=/usr/local install
install git

Install git

By providing these diverse installation methods, Pop!_OS users can choose the one that aligns best with their expertise and preferences. Whether you opt for the simplicity of Ubuntu repositories, the tailored features of the System76 PPA, or the control of compiling from source, Git’s power will soon be at your fingertips on your Pop!_OS system.

Using and Configuring Git on Pop!_OS

Now that you have Git installed on your Pop!_OS system, it’s time to dive into the practical usage and configuration of Git. Mastering these essential commands will empower you to effectively collaborate on projects, manage changes, and maintain a structured codebase.

1. Initializing a Repository

Before you can start tracking changes in your project, you need to set up a Git repository. Navigate to your project’s directory using the terminal and run the following command:

git init

This creates a hidden .git directory within your project, which will store all the information needed for version control.

2. Cloning a Repository

If you’re joining an existing project hosted on a remote repository, such as GitHub, you can clone it to your local machine. Replace <repository_url> with the actual URL of the repository:

git clone <repository_url>

This command creates a new directory with the same name as the repository and fetches all the associated files and history.

3. Adding and Committing Changes

As you make changes to your code, you need to add them to the staging area before committing. This separates the changes you’re ready to commit from those still in progress. Use the following commands:

git add <file_name>  # Add specific files to the staging area

git commit -m "Descriptive commit message" # Commit the staged changes with a meaningful message

Commit messages should be clear and concise, summarizing your changes in that commit.

4. Creating and Switching Branches

Branches are a fundamental part of Git, allowing you to work on multiple fixes or features simultaneously without interfering with the main codebase. To create and switch to a new branch, use the following:

git checkout -b <branch_name>  # Create and switch to a new branch

This command both creates a new branch and switches your workspace to that branch.

5. Pulling and Pushing Changes

Collaboration involves pulling in changes made by others and pushing your own changes to a shared remote repository. To fetch alterations from a remote repository and append them to your local branch, use the following:

git pull origin <branch_name>  # Pull changes from a remote branch

To push your local alterations to the remote repository, use the following:

git push origin <branch_name>  # Push changes to a remote branch

These commands ensure synchronization of your local and remote repositories, fostering effective teamwork.

6. Merging Branches

Once a feature or fix is complete on a separate branch, you can append it to the main branch to integrate the changes. Switch to the main branch and use the following command:

git checkout main  # Switch to the main branch

git merge <branch_name>  # Merge the specified branch into the main branch

This integrates the changes from the specified branch into the main branch, ensuring your codebase remains up-to-date and cohesive.

As you navigate through these Git commands on your Pop!_OS system, you’ll gain a deeper understanding of version control, collaboration, and project management. Git’s flexibility and power will become evident as you work on projects and coordinate efforts with other developers.


To solidify your understanding of Git’s practical usage, let’s explore real-world examples of using and configuring Git within the Pop!_OS environment. These scenarios will help you grasp the concepts introduced earlier and give you a hands-on experience with Git commands.

1. Initializing a Repository

Imagine you’re starting a new project called “MyWebsite” on your local machine. Navigate to the project’s folder using the terminal and initialize a Git repository:

cd ~/projects/MyWebsite

git init
initialize git

Initialize git

This command sets up the project for version control.

2. Cloning a Repository

Assume you intend to contribute to an open-source project hosted on GitHub. To get the project’s code on your machine, clone the repository:

git clone https://github.com/user/project.git

Replace https://github.com/user/project.git with the actual repository URL. This command creates a directory named after the project and fetches all the files and history.

git clone https://github.com/Codeexpert254/todolistapp.git
clone todolistapp project

Clone todolistapp project

3. Adding and Committing Changes

As you work on your project, let’s say you’ve modified the index.html file. Add this change to the staging area and commit it:

cd todolistapp/

git add index.html

git commit -m "Added a new section to the homepage."
add commit changes

Add commit changes

This sequence captures your changes and adds a descriptive commit message.

4. Creating and Switching Branches

Suppose you’re working on a new feature for your project. Create and switch to a new branch for this feature:

git checkout -b feature-navigation
create and switch to a new branch

Create and switch to a new branch

This command creates and switches you to the feature-navigation branch.

5. Pulling and Pushing Changes

If a teammate has made changes to the project while you were working on your feature, you can pull in those changes:

git pull origin main
pull changes

Pull changes

This fetches changes from the main branch and merges them into your current branch.

When your feature is ready, push your changes to the remote repository:

git push origin feature-navigation
push changes to the feature navigation repo

Push changes to the feature-navigation repo

This command sends your changes to the remote repository on the feature-navigation branch.

6. Merging Branches

After thoroughly testing your feature, it’s time to merge it into the main codebase. First, switch back to the main branch:

git checkout main
switch back to the main branch

Switch back to the main branch

Then, integrate your feature branch into the main branch:

git merge feature-navigation
merge feature branch to the main branch

Merge feature branch to the main branch

This integrates your feature into the main codebase.

By following these real-world examples, you can see how Git commands operate in practice. As you continue using Git within the Pop!_OS environment, you’ll become more confident in managing code changes, collaborating with others, and maintaining a structured project history.

Updating Git

Regularly updating software is crucial to ensure you have the latest features, bug fixes, and security enhancements. Git is no exception. Fortunately, updating Git on your Pop!_OS system is a straightforward process. Here’s how you can do it:

1. Update Package Information

Before performing any updates, it’s wise to update the package information on your system to ensure you’re fetching the latest available packages. Open a terminal and run:

sudo apt update
update system resources

Update system resources

2. Upgrade Git

Once the package information is updated, you can proceed to upgrade Git to its latest version using the following command:

sudo apt upgrade git
upgrade git

Upgrade git

This will update Git to the latest version available in your distribution’s repositories. Keeping Git up to date ensures you benefit from performance improvements and security patches.

Removing Git from Pop!_OS

If, for any reason, you need to remove Git from your Pop!_OS system, you can do so using the following steps:

1. Uninstall Git

Open a terminal and run the following command to remove Git from your system:

sudo apt remove git
remove git

Remove git

2. Clean Up Dependencies

While the above command removes Git, it might leave some unnecessary dependencies installed along with Git. To clean up these dependencies, run the following:

sudo apt autoremove
clean up dependencies

Clean up dependencies

This process ensures that Git and any associated packages are entirely removed from your system.

Whether you’re updating Git to access the latest features or need to remove it for a specific reason, following these steps will help you manage Git on your Pop!_OS system effectively.


In the dynamic world of software development, collaboration, and version control are indispensable. Git, with its distributed architecture and powerful features, has transformed how developers work together on projects. This guide explored the installation, configuration, and usage of Git within the Pop!_OS environment. Whether you’re a seasoned developer or a newcomer, mastering Git opens the door to efficient collaboration and code management. So, as you embark on your journey to create exceptional software, remember that with Git and Pop!_OS, you have the tools to collaborate seamlessly and innovate without boundaries. Thank you for joining us on this exploration of collaborating with Git on Pop!_OS!

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